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Seminar on Collapsing Buildings of Mumbai Region: Problems & Solutions on Sunday 21st July

3 July 2013 No Comment

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Seminar on Collapsing Buildings of Mumbai Region: Problems & Solutions on Sunday 21st July

Dear friends,

We will hold a seminar for proper understanding of citizens, professionals and experts on “Collapsing Buildings of Mumbai Region: Problems & Solutions”. Increasing numbers of building collapses is a man-made disaster that will happen in Mumbai Metropolitan Region in this decade. This is an economic as well as law-and-order problem, which calls for hard decisions on the part of the government, corporate and the building industry.

Commercial redevelopment alone is not the solution, especially with the looming probability of property market recession which may take the wind out of its sails! Citizens, legislators, administration, building industry professionals and other stakeholders need to look at the entire problem with fresh eyes and think of long-term solutions before the tipping-point is reached for the city.

DATE & TIME: Sunday, 21st July 2013, 9.00 am to 6.00 pm.

VENUE: All India Institute of Local Self- Government Hall, Burfiwala Lane, Juhu lane, Andheri (W), Mumbai. (Conference Hall- 2nd Floor)

ORGANIZERS: Krishnaraj Rao & Ramesh Prabhu (Maharashtra Societies Welfare Association)

SPEAKERS: Prominent Civil Engineers, Architects, Structural Auditors, Government Officials, Legislators etc.

WHO SHOULD ATTEND: Managing committee members and active of housing societies, building industry professionals, social activists, media-persons and other potential change-makers


  • Over 16,000 buildings in Mumbai were constructed before 1940. The bulk of these tenanted and cessed buildings have been majorly repaired several times. Hundreds are propped up to prevent collapse. As cluster-redevelopment schemes have failed to offer acceptable solutions to tenants, landlords and builders, an increasing number of these outdated buildings can be expected to collapse every year, especially during monsoons. Some are recognized as dangerous, and vacated by MHADA’s Repairs and Reconstruction Board. But thousands of families continue to live in dangerous buildings.
  • Life-expectancy of most cement-concrete structures is estimated at about 40 years. The number of aged and aging buildings is increasing every year. With every progressive year, the risk of partial collapse (e.g. slab collapse) or total collapse of building greatly increases, after a certain tipping point is reached.
  • Hundreds of CIDCO buildings are fast deteriorating. Although CIDCO constructed these buildings only about 20 years ago, Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) declared 53 of them unsafe because of falling slabs. It has been considering increasing the floor space index (FSI) from 1.5 to 2.5 for such dilapidated buildings to make redevelopment economically viable. Around seven of these were sealed several years ago, and residents were provided alternative accommodation.   
  • In the early ‘80s, cement was a scarce commodity, being rationed, black-marketed and adulterated. Politicos and babus had quotas to allocate cement to projects. Cement was often adulterated, and of bad quality due to faulty storage by black-marketers. Quality control was absent. Many buildings of that era have too much sand or expired cement in the concrete mix. Many buildings constructed by private builders all over Mumbai region, and indeed, all over Maharashtra, have this problem.
  • Poor regulation of building industry. The quality of buildings is often determined by extraneous factors such as amount of finance available to builders. High interest cost of market-borrowings by builders have forced many to complete projects in record times, without allowing proper curing of cement concrete columns, beams and slabs. Lack of proper finance forces builders to put ongoing projects on hold for several years. Improper foundations, and building of many floors beyond the original approved plans, are common cost-cutting and profiteering practices in the building industry.
  • Unauthorized structural modifications. Throughout Mumbai, there are thousands of buildings built by private developers where the flats on the ground floor, first floor and second floor are joined together as restaurants, party halls, vehicle showroom, etc. Such structural changes are usually in blatant violation of building codes, Development Control Regulations etc. and without the approval of the municipal corporation. Quite often, such violations are done with the knowledge and connivance of the builder or the landlord, and also the municipal corporation officials which issues notices, but does nothing else. Such buildings often fail to get Occupation Certificate (OC) from the municipal corporation. In Mumbai, it is estimated that as many as 40% completed buildings – which are fully occupied and many years or decades old — have failed to get the Mumbai Municipal Corporation’s OC.
  • Improper structural maintenance by societies due to cost cutting, ignorance, unavailability of skilled labourers, disputes between members etc. Consequently, the steel in the RCC columns, beams and slabs has rusted and become exposed in many buildings.
  • Solutions to these problems. Various administrative, legislative, social, economic, mechanical and practical solutions that may be considered for specific buildings, or on a wider scale.


REGISTRATION FEES – Rs 1,900/- per head.


  1. Two or more members attending from the same society – Rs 1,500/- per head
  2. Housewives and Retired Persons — Rs 1,300/- per head
  3. PLUS EARLY-BIRD DISCOUNT: 10% discount on above-mentioned fees if you register on or before 10th July.

Fees are inclusive of lunch, tea and snacks & printed material.

To register, contact Mr Vishal Bamne on 9823911027 or 022-42551414, or email mswa.hsg@gmail.com.

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